WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) – Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs – joined 11 of his Congressional colleagues in sending a letter to Secretary of State John Kerry, calling for emergency action to address recent reductions in the availability of money wire transfer services to Somalia. The Congressional members requested a meeting within the next two weeks to develop a plan to provide emergency money transfers and to create a long-term solution for continuing to transfer funds.
“The men and women of the Somali community in Ohio use these money transfers to help support their family members and promote economic development in Somalia,” Brown said. “Federal authorities must swiftly develop a sustainable solution that protects our banking system while providing a secure, reliable channel for families to continue to send needed funds to their relatives abroad.”
Last week, a major U.S. bank servicing the companies that transfer funds to Somalia announced it would be closing their accounts, due to concerns about its ability to manage illicit finance risks posed by such transfers. As a result, many of these companies will be forced to close most of their branches or sharply reduce the number of money transfers they provide.
If this shortage continues, it could exacerbate the country’s economic instability. Without reliable money transfer services, many Somalians will not have sufficient resources to provide for basic humanitarian needs, including food and medicine, and many small business startups will lose a primary source of funding from family members in the U.S.
The full letter can be found below.
The Honorable John F. Kerry
Secretary of State
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20520
Dear Secretary Kerry,
We write to request a meeting within the next two weeks to discuss the development of an emergency plan to address the acute shortage of lifesaving money transmission services to Somalia, and discuss how we can move toward a sustainable, longer-term framework for facilitating lawful money transfers through transparent channels.
The timing of this meeting is urgent. Last week, the largest financial institution currently providing wire transfer services to money services businesses serving Somalia notified their money services business clients that it was going to close their accounts on February 6, 2015 amid concerns that the institution is unable to adequately manage the risks associated with its remittance accounts serving countries in Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, and parts of Asia. As a result of this decision, money service businesses serving Somali-Americans say they are in the process of either closing most branches or drastically reducing the volume of remittances they are transmitting. We understand there are few practical substitute mechanisms left for transmitting remittances. Last year, according to an international NGO, more than $215 million was sent from the U.S. to Somalia, most of which was used to meet basic humanitarian needs.
Decreasing remittances will exacerbate Somalia’s humanitarian situation. Twenty-two aid organizations recently noted that about one-third of Somali families say they would not be able to afford basic food, medicines and school fees without help from their relatives abroad. Nearly all business startups in Somalia are funded by remittances, and with nearly three million Somalis already dependent on aid organizations, eliminating the ability to send money into Somalia could throw the country and its already vulnerable economy deeper into crisis.
Decreased remittances would also present greater security risks. As Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has said, cutting off money from the diaspora could significantly strengthen the appeal of terrorism and piracy for young Somali men. A disruption in remittances could reverse the limited gains that the Somali government and the international community has made to rid Somalia and the greater Horn of Africa of terrorism.
Somalis urgently need a solution. We call on the appropriate agencies, in collaboration with community and industry partners, to formulate a short-term plan to keep a remittances pipeline open, as well as a longer-term plan to provide ongoing access to money transmissions services. For example, the State Department might be able to provide temporary remittances channels through its humanitarian programs. Financial regulators could be enlisted in efforts to facilitate solutions that build on the recommendations of State and the NSC, preserving the integrity of U.S. counterterrorism and anti-money laundering efforts while keeping open remittance pipelines through private or public mechanisms. Together, banking regulators could, if necessary, then promulgate formal joint guidance. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York could use its wire transfer service to provide remittances. The World Bank -- which has done so much over the years to reduce the costs of remittances from immigrant workers in the U.S. to their family members at home -- might be enlisted to help facilitate these efforts. All of these possibilities, and other creative alternatives, should be explored to find a solution to this crisis.
To protect our national security and avoid exacerbating a humanitarian crisis, we must identify an emergency solution to prevent the disruption of remittances to Somalia. We believe it is critical that every federal agency with jurisdiction on this issue must work toward formulating a sustainable framework for remittance payments as quickly as possible. We appreciate your attention to this issue, and we hope we will be able to meet with representatives of your agencies in the coming weeks.
Cc: Jacob J. Lew, Secretary, Treasury Department
Jennifer Shasky Calvery, Director of the Financial Crimes Enforcement
Susan Rice, National Security Advisor and Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Martin J. Gruenberg, Chairman, Federal Deposit Insurance Commission
Janet Yellen, Chair, Federal Reserve
Debbie Matz, Chair, National Credit Union Administration
Richard Cordray, Director, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Thomas J. Curry, Comptroller, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency