U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) – ranking member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, wrote to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac demanding that they do more to protect renters in Fannie Mae- and Freddie Mac-backed properties from illegal eviction. Senator Brown’s push comes on the heels of reports from around the country of property owners filing evictions which may not comply with protections included in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). The CARES Act protects renters in properties with federally-backed loans, including loans backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, from eviction for nonpayment of rent through July 24, 2020.
“To protect tenants as required by the law, Fannie Mae must proactively ensure compliance with this provision. Now is the time to prevent evictions, which are devastating to tenants’ lives and health and place additional economic strain on families and individuals who are already reeling from the effects of the pandemic,” wrote Senator Brown. The same letter was sent to Freddie Mac.
In addition to Fannie Mae, Senator Brown also wrote to Freddie Mac, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requesting that they require property owners who receive forbearance under the CARES Act to notify tenants that they are protected from eviction during the forbearance period. In addition to putting a pause on evictions for renters in all federally-backed properties, the CARES Act provides supplemental eviction protections for tenants in multifamily buildings that are receiving mortgage forbearance. Because there is no public notification when a property is in forbearance, tenants would have no way to know that they are protected from eviction without notification.
A copy of Senator Brown’s letter to Fannie Mae on eviction protections for all renters in properties with federally-backed loans, which was also sent to Freddie Mac, is below:
Mr. Hugh R. Frater
Chief Executive Officer
Dear Mr. Frater:
On March 13, 2020, President Trump declared a national emergency in response to widespread transmission of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Within two weeks, Congress responded to the COVID-19 emergency by passing the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). Since that time, nearly two million Americans have contracted COVID-19, and over a hundred thousand Americans have fallen victim to this deadly virus. The unemployment rate has tripled in three months and the Federal Reserve Bank expects the economy to contract by six and a half percent by year’s end.
Congress crafted Section 4024 of the CARES Act (Section 4024) to protect renters from displacement and possible homelessness in the midst of the pandemic. Specifically, Section 4024(b) prohibits property owners from initiating eviction proceedings or “charg[ing] fees, penalties, or other charges” for the nonpayment of rent if the property has a federally-backed mortgage, including a Fannie Mae-backed mortgage, or the property or a tenant is assisted under a federal program, for 120 days from the CARES Act’s enactment.
However, there have been numerous reports from around the country of property owners making eviction filings in contravention to CARES Act protections. My office recently received information indicating that a number of properties owned by private equity investors and financed with Fannie Mae-backed loans have initiated evictions since the CARES Act passed. If true, these eviction filings indicate that property owners may not be complying with the law, and tenants may not be fully aware of their protections under the CARES Act. Wrongful evictions would not only be a violation of the law, but could have devastating health and economic consequences for the tenants involved.
As our nation continues its efforts to overcome the health and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is critical that Fannie Mae is taking all steps necessary to ensure that the owners of properties with mortgages backed by the enterprise are complying with federal law, including Section 4024. As such, I ask that you please respond to the following questions by June 19, 2020.
It is not the job of journalists and advocates to review court dockets to understand whether all parties are complying with the law – that is your job. To protect tenants as required by the law, Fannie Mae must proactively ensure compliance with this provision. Now is the time to prevent evictions, which are devastating to tenants’ lives and health and place additional economic strain on families and individuals who are already reeling from the effects of the pandemic. Thank you for your prompt attention to this urgent matter.