With Preterm Infants Accounting for Nearly 70 Percent of Infant Deaths, Brown Leads Bipartisan Group of Senators in Urging HHS to Review Guidelines to Reduce Infant Mortality

Brown Authored New Law that Will Help Improve Data Collection to Address Rise in Infant Mortality. Ohio Ranks Worst in the Nation for African American Infant Mortality, 48th in the Nation Across All Births

WASHINGTON, D.C. – U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), along with U.S. Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R-NH), led a bipartisan group of Senators in urging the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to review updated guidelines for the prevention of preterm birth submitted by the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) in August 2014. Ohio ranks worst in the nation for African American infant mortality and 48th in the nation across all births. In 2012, 1,047 Ohio babies died before their first birthday.

“We cannot afford further delay in moving forward on initiatives -- many of which can be implemented with relative ease through the use of existing technologies -- that have the potential to lower the rate of preterm birth in our country,” Brown wrote in the letter. “We respectfully request that HHS expedite its review of the professional organizations’ updated guidelines and develop a plan encompassing next steps to address infant mortality.  Additionally, we ask that your department provide a response to last year’s letter from SMFM, ACOG, and ACNM and give full and fair consideration to the suggested guidelines issued by the professional societies.”

Leading infant and maternal health organizations SMFM, ACOG, and ACNM submitted guidelines to HHS on how to reduce preterm birth while also reducing costs. The guidelines include use of routine, universal screening for premature cervical shortening mid-pregnancy and equitable access to progesterone treatment as one strategy for reducing preterm birth.

Last week, Brown visited a patient’s home with a home health care worker from Mansfield’s Community Health Access Project (CHAP). CHAP workers help patients navigate an increasingly complex and fragmented health care system by using existing community resources efficiently and effectively. Specifically, CHWs teach healthy behaviors that can prevent disease before it starts, administer preventive screening tests, manage chronic disease by coordinating care among many providers, remind patients to take their medicine, and help patients stay on track with self-treatment. They also help connect Ohioans with other resources related to nutrition, housing, employment, and education. Brown successfully advocated for a provision of the health reform law – modeled after CHAP’s success – to help fund programs that connect people with CHWs.

Brown is a champion for improving children’s health in Ohio. Last year, his landmark legislation to battle back against the rise in infant mortality was signed into law by President Obama. The Sudden Unexpected Death Data Enhancement and Awareness Act will build on existing activities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to improve upon the quality and consistency of data collected during death scene investigations and autopsies to better inform prevention and intervention efforts related to stillbirths, Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID), and Sudden Unexplained Deaths in Childhood (SUDC). This collaboration with the states to enhance current methods of data collection across existing surveillance systems will enable doctors and researchers to better track and prevent these tragic losses.

Full text of the letter is available below and here.

 

June 12, 2015

 

Sylvia Mathews Burwell
Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20201

 

Dear Secretary Burwell:

Last August, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) sent updated guidelines for preventing preterm birth to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).  We write to encourage the Department to acknowledge receipt of these suggestions and give full and fair consideration to the recommendations from these professional societies when crafting future guidelines regarding the prevention of preterm births.

Despite the work that HHS has done to help reduce the rate of infant mortality, more than 24,000 infant deaths still occur each year in the United States, with African American babies dying at twice the rate of Caucasian babies.  Preterm birth remains the nation’s leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality; nearly 70 percent of babies who die before their first birthday were born premature.  Preterm birth is also expensive, accounting for half of all pregnancy-related costs.  Almost 90 percent of babies born before 33 weeks gestation are admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units, at an average cost of nearly $300,000 per stay.

However, in many cases, premature birth can be prevented or delayed.  Updated clinical practice guidelines from the SMFM, ACOG, and ACNM, published in 2012, outline cost saving strategies that have been proven to identify more than 50 percent of pregnancies which will deliver before 34 weeks gestation.  These preterm birth prevention guidelines include the potential use of routine, universal screening for premature cervical shortening mid-pregnancy and equitable access to progesterone treatment as one strategy for reducing preterm birth.  By reducing the rate of preterm births through expanded risk screening and preventive treatment, we can reduce the rate of infant mortality in the U.S.

It is our understanding that HHS has not yet reviewed the clinical practice guidelines submitted by these organizations, nor has the department responded to the August 13, 2014 letter. We cannot afford further delay in moving forward on initiatives -- many of which can be implemented with relative ease through the use of existing technologies -- that have the potential to lower the rate of preterm birth in our country.  We respectfully request that HHS expedite its review of the professional organizations’ updated guidelines and develop a plan encompassing next steps to address infant mortality.  Additionally, we ask that your department provide a response to last year’s letter from SMFM, ACOG, and ACNM and give full and fair consideration to the suggested guidelines issued by the professional societies.

Thank you for your consideration. We look forward to working with you on this important issue.

Sincerely,

 

Sherrod Brown, U.S. Senator                                                            

Kelly A. Ayotte, U.S. Senator                                                             

Tammy Baldwin, U.S. Senator                                   

Richard Blumenthal, U.S. Senator                                                     

Robert P. Casey, Jr., U.S. Senator                                         

Shelley Moore Capito, U.S. Senator                                      

Thad Cochran, U.S. Senator                                                                          

Richard J. Durbin, U.S. Senator        

Al Franken, U.S. Senator                                                       

Rob Portman, U.S. Senator   

Jeanne Shaheen, U.S. Senator                                                                       

 

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